الأحد، 21 مايو، 2017

تعبير بالانجليزي عن ثقافة السعودية

تعبير بالانجليزي عن ثقافة السعودية
(برزنتيشن) عن ثقافة وعادات المجتمع السعودي
تعبير عن المملكة العربية السعودية بالانجليزي
 تعبير عن السعودية, بحث عن السعوديه بالانجليزي, مقدمة عن السعودية بالانجليزي, عباراتعن السعودية بالانجليزي, ثقافة السعودية, تاريخ السعودية
موضوع عن الثقافة بالانجليزي
تعبير انجليزي قصير عن المملكة العربية السعودية
تعبير عن السعودية, بحث عن السعوديه بالانجليزي, مقدمة عن السعودية بالانجليزي, عبارات عن السعودية بالانجليزي, ثقافة السعودية, تاريخ السعودية
بارقراف براجراف تعبير عن عادات السعوديه
بحث انجليزي عن Teaching English in Saudi Arabia
traditions in Saudi Arabia
تعبير باللغة الانجليزية عن المملكة العربية السعودية
تعبير بالانجليزي عن ثقافة السعودية
موضوع عن عادات وتقاليد السعودية بالانجليزي
تعبير بالانجليزي عن العادات والتقاليد في السعوديه
تعبير عن اللبس السعودي بالانجليزي
موضوع عن الثقافة بالانجليزي
تعبير عن عادات الاكل في السعودية بالانجليزي
موضوع عن الثقافة السعودية
تعبير عن عادات الزواج في السعودية بالانجليزي
برزنتيشن عن السعودية بالانجليزي
 سعودي انجلــش - مواضيع برزنتيشن

The culture of Saudi Arabia is codified by religion and moral principles inherited from a long Arab and Muslim cultural tradition.
Behaviors, clothing and food are subject to restrictions set up in the legal framework.
Clothing
The dress code in Saudi Arabia strictly follows the principles of the hijab, the Islamic principle of modesty, especially in dress.
The clothes, wide, ample, waves, and covering to the maximum, chaste and modest, or simply formal, are also adapted to the climate.
In the public domain, any garment wearer (externally visible) capable of injuring modesty, according to local assessments, ie too tight, sticky, tight, or revealing the skin (from the ankle to the neck) Especially if it is a female body, may have to account for it personally, as well as its official / legal guardian (father, uncle, husband, brother ...).
Traditionally, men wear a long shirt, covering up to the ankles, in wool or cotton fabric (known as Thawb), white or black, with a keffieh (large checkered cotton square held in place by a coil Or a ghutra (an ordinary white square made of finer cotton, also held in place by a coil of thread, the agal) on the head. For the rare periods of cold, the men wear in addition a coat of camel hair, Bisht.
The traditional dress of women is decorated, on festival days, with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, metal threads, appliques. Women wear an abaya, or discreet, or obliterated clothing, in public. The Saudi niqab usually leaves a long open slit for the eyes.
Names of the most common clothing items:
• Ghutrah (in Arabic: غتره): traditional male headdress, composed of a square of fabric ("scarf"), usually made of cotton, folded in different styles around the head. It is commonly worn in areas with arid climate, and provides protection against direct sunlight, as well as dust and sand.
• Agal (in Arabic: عقال), part of the headdress, in a rope, usually black, fixed around the Ghutrah to hold it in place.
• Thawb (in Arabic: ثوب), dress, long sleeve, down to the ankles.
• Bisht (in Arabic: بشت), traditional coat, male, rather reserved for big occasions, such as weddings ...
• Abaya (in Arabic: عباية), feminine garment, black coat, covering the whole body, loosely, except the head. The sleeves can be decorated with sewn embroideries, different bright colors, or even with crystals. The rest of the coat is without decoration. Some women choose to cover their faces with a niqab, others do not. A recent trend, especially to the west, is the color of the abaya.
• Kameez / Kurta Salwar, garment for men and women, worn by the Indian and Pakistani populations in Saudi Arabia.
Food
• Plate of falafel and green vegetables.
• The same foods appear to have been consumed by the people of Saudi Arabia (and the peninsula) for thousands of years.
• Persian and Turkish influences are evident.
• Basic ingredients include wheat, rice, lamb, chicken, beans, yogurt and dates.
• Saudi Arabia produces about 600 million pounds of dates per year. Per capita, the Saudis consume the largest number of chickens in the world, with an average of 88.2 kilograms per person per year. Lamb is mostly served during holidays, or for business (including stuffed lamb, or khūzī).
• Islamic laws prohibit the use of alcohol and any products derived from pork, and are strictly enforced throughout the country. According to Islamic halal regulations, animals must be slaughtered in a special way and blessed before being consumed. In 2008, Saudi Arabia was the fifth largest importer of beef and goat meat in the world.
• The most popular food in Saudi Arabia is kebsa1; Made from rice and meat; Accompanied to almost every meal by unleavened bread, or khubz, which serves to seize the food in the dish.
• Among the other Saudi dishes, many are based on lamb and grilled chicken. There are also falafels (fried chickpeas), shawarma (marinated lamb kebabs), and ful medames (bean pasta). We also enjoy lekabsa, flavored rice dish or spicy with meat (s), and machbūs, with fish (s) or shrimps.
• Coffee and Arabic tea, black (without milk or milk product)), flavored with herbs, are commonly served during meetings with friends.
• Camel meat and camel milk are a Bedouin specialty.
• Yogurt is consumed whole, often transformed into kefir, a kind of laban, to drink or to work in sauces.
• The country also has many food shopping centers, with chains like Tamimi, Panda (and Hyper Panda), Othaim, Carrefour, Danube, and Halwani. The labels in English prove that the products are imported, and quite expensive.
• Small neighborhood markets provide fruits and vegetables at more affordable prices.
• Fast food: Burger King, McDonald's, Hardee's, KFC, Pizza Hut, Domino's Pizza, Papa John's, Starbucks, Chili's ...
• Traditions
• The Saudis are very attached to Islam and Arab moral principles. For any visitor, it is very important to know how to dress and behave:
• Avoid turn-down garments. Wear loose, wide clothes that cover the entire body.
• Avoid kissing and caressing in public.


Gastronomy
• Turkish and Persian cuisine influenced Saudi gastronomy. Many culinary specialties are tasted in the country. We have, for example, the kebsa which is the best known in the country. It is made from meat and rice. The visitor will also be able to taste other dishes such as kabsa (flavored rice dish or spicy with meat), ful medames (pasta with a base of bean), shawarma, falafels (fried chickpeas), etc ...
• Chicken meat is widely consumed in the country. It is the first country in the world to consume the most chickens. However, it must be known that the consumption of pork is scrupulously prohibited in the country just like that of alcohol. Infringing this Islamic law could cause you serious trouble in the country.
• Festivals and events
• Various festivals and events take place each year in Saudi Arabia:
• February 2013: Celebration of the birth of the prophet Mohammed
• May 2013: Labor Day
• September 2013: Feast of the rupture of the young person
• 23 September 2013: National Holiday of Saudi Arabia
• October 2013: Feast of Aid El Kebir

Clothing

Raif Badawi in traditional dress: he wears a white thawb and is wearing a red and white shemagh held by a black agal.
The dress code in Saudi Arabia strictly follows the principles of the hijab (the Islamic principle of modesty, especially in dress). The clothes, wide, ample, waves, covering to the maximum, are also adapted to the climate.
Traditionally, men wear a long shirt, covering up to the ankles, in woolen or cotton fabric (known as dishdasha), with a sort of cheack (checkered cotton square held in place by an agal) on the head. For the rare periods of cold, the men wear in addition a coat in camel hair (bisht).
Women wear an abaya, or discreet, or obliterated clothing, in public. Failure to comply with these clothing obligations may be pursued by the police. In December 2016, a woman was arrested for posting on twitter photos showing her skirt and uncovered hair defying the Saudi dress code208.
The women's traditional dress is decorated with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, wire, and appliques.
• shemagh (Arabic: شماغ): it is a kind of square-shaped cottage that folds from the ends. It is often held by an agal, a black woolen cord that allows the stability of the latter, but some people prefer to put it without, which is called the coiffehamdaniya. However, they are distinguished from each other with their patterns and colors. In Jordan, shemagh has use colors are red and white. In Palestine, it is called the keffiyeh whose black and white are the colors of vigor. While in the United Arab Emirates, this cheese is called a ghutra and is traditionally plain white.
• the agal (Arabic: عقال): it is a black cord made mainly of wool which is placed on the various kinds of checks cited above, in order to maintain its stability. By the nineteenth century they were much wider and thicker.
• the thawb (Arabic: ثوب): it is a long dress mainly white or black worn by the Muslims, and was the favorite garment of Muhammad.
• bisht (Arabic: بشت): it is a kind of black cape with golden bands that is worn during occasional moments like weddings.
• the abaya (Arabic: عباية), feminine garment, black coat, covering the whole body, loosely, except the head. The sleeves are most often decorated with sewn embroideries, various bright colors, or even with crystals. The rest of the coat is without decoration. Some women choose to cover their faces with a niqab, others do not. A recent trend, especially to the west, is the color of the abaya.
•       The kameez / Kurta Salwar, garment for men and women, worn by the populations of Indian and Pakistani origin established in Saudi Arabia. See salwar kameez.
Work clothes differ. They can be international, especially on construction sites, or adapted, especially in hospitals.
The pilgrimage to Mecca requires an attitude and a specific garment, the ihram.
Classified
Four cultural sites in Saudi Arabia are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the archaeological site of Al-Hijr, the at-Tourai district in the city of Dariya, the historic city of Jeddah (the gateway to Mecca) And the rock art of the Haïl region. Ten other applications were filed in 2015. Nevertheless, Saudi Arabia, which practices a rigorous Wahhabist policy, which condemns and fights idolatry, would have destroyed 98% of its historical heritage between 1985 and 2014.

In June 2014, the Council of Ministers approved an historic law to protect its antiquities and heritage, as well as to empower the Saudi institutions of Tourism and Antiquities (SCTA) to manage them. As part of the National Vision 2030 transformation plan adopted in 2016, the Kingdom allocates 900 million euros for the preservation of its cultural heritage212. Saudi Arabia is also part of the International Alliance for the Protection of Heritage in Conflict Zones (ALIPH), created in March 2017, and contributes € 18.5 million213.

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