الأحد، 21 مايو، 2017

تعبير انجليزي عن جزيرة فيلكا

تعبير انجليزي عن جزيرة فيلكا
برزنتيشن عن جزيرة فيلكا الكويت
موضوع عن جزيرة فيلكا
جزيرة فيلكا هي جزيرةٌ كويتيّة موضوع بالانجليزي عن فيلكا
تقرير عن جزيرة فيلكا
معلومات عن جزيرة فيلكا الكويتية
عبير انجليزي عن جزيرة فيلكا
موضوع قصير عن جزيرة فيلكا
موضوع عن جزيرة فيلكا
موضوع عن جزيرة كبر بالانجليزي
failaka island
موضوع عن kubbar island
تعبير عن فيلكا
موضوع انجليزي عن الجزيرة الخضراء
معلومات عن جزيرة فيلكا

Failaka Island is an island in Kuwait, located at the entrance to Kuwait Bay, 20 kilometers off the coast of Kuwait City, near the outlet of the Tigris and Euphrates The Persian legolfe. It has an area of 43 km2, measuring approximately 14 kilometers by 5 kilometers.
Ancient history
Several archaeological excavations have uncovered traces of ancient occupations on the island of Failaka. They were led by Danish, American, French and Slovak teams in connection with Kuwaiti archaeologists. The earliest known ones date back to about 2000 BC. J.-C. (Age of the Middle Bronze Age). It is a group of residences in the south-west of the island, dominated by a sanctuary on the terrace and a tower-like building, adjacent to a large residence built to the north and Artisanal installations with ovens where copper was worked ceramic or even stone. Inscriptions indicate that the temple is dedicated to the divinity Inzak, known as the main god of the country of Dilmun, a Persian Gulf border region that served as a transit port in the maritime trade at that time. The island of Bahrain is generally identified as Dilmun, but it is possible that the Mesopotamians also designated other Gulf islands, including Failaka (but also Tarut). In fact, the material culture of this period, including the seal seals, is characteristic of the cultures of the Gulf, while presenting contacts with Mesopotamia, Iran, Oman, the Indus Valley, Egypt and even Anatolia, thus revealing the importance of the commercial networks in which Failaka Island was taken at that time.
Trade in the Persian Gulf has been declining since the 18th century BC. J.-C., causing the fall of the culture of Dilmun. In the 14th century BC. BC, Failaka and Bahrain are temporarily incorporated into the kingdom of Babylon, then ruled by the Kassite dynasty. In the levels of the first half of the 1st millennium BC. J. de Failaka, a stela written by Nebuchadnezzar II was found, and a bowl dedicated by the same king to the local temple, proving the Babylonian hold on this place had resumed at that time. An indication of occupation in the following period, that of the dominion of the Persesachemenides (539-331 BC) was found in the center of the island at Tell Khazneh, sheltering the ruins of a temple.
The island was visited by Greeks in the 3rd century BC. BC, during the passage of Nearque (who did not stop in Bahrain) at the head of the fleet of Alexander the Great. It was called at that time Ikaros, according to the Greek island to which it resembles, while Dilmun bore at the same time the Greek name of Tylos. During the Hellenistic period (3rd and 2nd centuries BC), Failaka was occupied by a garrison in the service of the Seleucids, who had a fortress located to the east of the island at Tell Said. Subsequently, it became a colony in 203/202 BC. AD as a result of a decision of Antiochos III. The fortress was enlarged and the residential area extended, while a temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis was erected. The fall of Seleucid power in Mesopotamia after 114 BC. BC precipitated the abandonment of this garrison.
The end of the ancient period is poorly documented on the island of Failaka. The French teams have located an establishment on the site called al-Qusur ("the castles") which is a Christian monastery of Sassanian or early Islamic era, namely a church of 31 × 19 meters in bricks1 . Stucco crosses characteristic of the Christian communities of the Sassanid Empire were uncovered on the site. This site is abandoned in the eighth century or the ninth century.
The excavations of Tell Said and al-Qusur resumed in 2011 under the direction of the Franco-Kuwaiti Archaeological Mission of Failaka (MAFKF) 2.

Nowadays

Now reopened to the public for one or two years, some fishermen have reinvested some houses in ruins, and a new resort is trying to attract Kuwaiti families for the weekend. Since the Kuwaitis have not yet gotten used to the island, the ferry is only filled with workers to rebuild (the ferry is to be taken to Salmiyapres of the Scientific Center, 1h30 journey, 2 return and Day and time in the morning 8:00 or in the afternoon 13:00).

Finally, the visit of the "museum" or temple is only possible with written authorization from the ministry, to request through the embassies.

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