الجمعة، 8 مايو، 2015

Writing an article


كتابة مقالة Writing an article :
صيغة سؤال الوزارة الإنشائي :   Write an article to your school magazine about ………                        
 ماذا تفعل لكي تحافظ على صحتك ؟ هل لديك توازن في عاداتك ونشاطاتك ؟ كيف تعمل على تحسين صحتك ؟
What do you do to keep healthy ? Do you have the best balance of habits and activities ?  
How can you improve your health ?

To : the school magazine
Date : -
From -
Subject : how to keep healthy  

Write an article about keeping a good health .

P 1 = an opening question
P2 =  an explanation why the writer wrote this article
P3  =  initial advice
P4   =  Don’t be lazy
P5  =  A final message to the reader



اطرح سؤال في البداية        
        Do you enjoy …………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
ما سبب الكتابة  
One of my friends said to me the other day ……………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… النصيحة الأولى
For me the golden rule when you ………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
النصيحة الثانية  
 In the long run , the best ………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.رسالة للقارئ
           If you …………… remember some of these tips .
         In the end , …..………………….….…………………………………………………………
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………




Write a report to your school magazine about types of exercises that keep people fit .

To : the school magazine
From : …..
Date : …..
Subject : keeping fit

          Are you getting enough exercise ? Many people think that regular exercises is necessary for a healthy life especially those who spend too much time sitting on their desks in offices . Other people think that taking exercises is boring . In this article I am going to headlight on Some good exercises that are exciting .
         
         One of my friends said to me last week , I have practiced some good exercises  and I have found them so boring . Have you got some advice ? Many people have asked me some questions Which is why I am writing this article .

الاستاذ ابراهيم الدابوقي
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          For me the golden rule when you start some exercises , you have to enjoy practicing any exercise  no matter how it is difficult . Sometimes you get bored when you repeat it , so you have to vary the exercises you are doing , for example , start walking and then switch to running . Another tip is to join a gym , and that makes you meet new friends and get fun 
with them .

         In the long run , the best way to practice a kind of sport you like it so much . In my experience when you practice football , you keep fit and you enjoy it so much .

         If you decide to start exercising , remember these tips . In the end you will feel happy and healthier if you practice any kind of sport .


   Write about one of these topics :

    Being a good brother or sister .
   Doing well at school .

   Write an article to your school magazine about giving some advice to your friend who is about to       start a new job .
      …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………


الاستاذ ابراهيم الدابوقي 0795954378الوحدة الثامنة Urban and rural life

الوحدة الثامنة – الحياة الريفية والحضرية         Unit Eight = Urban and rural life

Cœur: Read 



قبل قراءة المقالة أوصل الكلمات والعبارات مع معانيها .

Before you read the article, guess and match these words and phrases with their meanings.
a} deserted
1) something that happens or exists
b} inhabitant
2) adjective to describe the countryside {not town}
c} overcrowding
3) making money
d} phenomenon
4) empty because people have left
e} profitable
5) having too many people
f} public services
6)  someone who lives in a place
g} rural
7) transport, education and health

a ……. b …….. c……..d…….e…….f……g…….

Organigramme : Terminateur: SB   Page 57   Reading  نـص القراءة  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 نهاية الحياة في القرية      The end of village life?

            أعداد كبيرة                  يرحلوا                        المناطق الريفية    وظائف ذات اجر أفضل                
When large numbers of people move from their homes in country areas to find better-paid
                           المزارع      القرى                       المدن                             بلا شئ
jobs in towns and cities, the villages and farms they once lived in are often left empty. No
                                                                                       
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one wants to buy homes there because they cannot make money out of them. This
    الظاهرة           الهجرة من الريف إلى الحضر         يؤدي إلى        اكتظاظ                   بالإضافة
phenomenon , which called rural depopulation, can lead to overcrowding in cities as well as
      قلة
for fewer people in country areas.






                                                             منطقة اسبانيا                على بعد ساعة      
One example of this phenomenon is the Garrigues area of Spain one hour's drive from Barcelona.
                               مناخ متوسط                                 مرتفعة    ليست قريبة
 The area has a Mediterranean climate, but because it is high and not close to the sea, winter
   درجة الحرارة       منخفضة                     مستوى سقوط مطر                                   تهطل
temperatures are quite low. The area has an annual rainfall level of 482mm which falls in only
        من السنة      خلال فصل الشتاء والربيع                 تاريخيا                           مميزة    
 47 days of the year, during the autumn and spring. Historically, this was a successful
     منطقة زراعية                     الأرض      المزارعين            لوز              عنب
agricultural area; on the higher ground, the farmers grew almonds and vines, while in the river
أودية       قمح    ذرة   فاصوليا      عباد الشمس           محاصيل تقليدية                                      
valleys, wheat, corn, beans and sunflowers were the traditional crops. The area was
     تحديدا         معروفة     زيتون عالي الجودة                                      رئيسي         للتصدير           
particularly well-known for its high-quality olive oil which was grown mainly for export.


      عدد السكان                                    علو                                                 قرية نموذجية   
The population of the area was at its highest about 150years ago, when a typical village
                              ساكن        بينما                                      قليل                   مستقر       
might have 500 inhabitants, whereas now some villages have as few as 100 permanent
                                  الزراعة            اقل                فائدة                   البطالة         
 inhabitants. But as farming became less and less profitable, and unemployment grew, the
                                                                          عمل            الاتجاه                        
 population began to move to the cities to find work. This trend started in 1860 and has
     واستمر                                  القرى                         كبار السن                
continued to this day. Now some villages consist mainly of elderly people. The area is
    تعاني من                 تأثير                      خدمات عامة ضعيفة                    هجر المزارع
suffering from the effects of depopulation, such as poor public services and deserted farms.


                  بعض أجزاء أوروبا                  إلا انه           التنقل               الر يف        المدينة
In some parts of Europe in recent years, however, the move from the country to the city has
          عكس               الناس الأثرياء               الريف             الهروب          اكتظاظ السكان
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been reversed as wealthy people move to the countryside to escape from the overcrowding,
                     يؤكد                                                         دائم                     
pollution and stress of city life. Some are moving permanently, but many are buying
                                                             فارغة
holiday or weekend homes which are empty for much of the year.







Organigramme : Terminateur:  SB Page 57       check your understanding 



إقراء المقالة ثم اجب عن الأسئلة .
Read the article again and answer these questions.

a} Define "depopulation" in your own words.

Depopulation happens when people leave the country to look for work in cities .
There villages and farms are left empty , and no one wants to live in the country because there are few jobs there .

b} How does this affect the country areas?
    They are depopulated , therefore public services are poor and farms are deserted .

c} How can it affect the towns and cities?
  They become overcrowded and polluted .

d} List four characteristics of Garrigues.
  Garrigues has a Medeternean climate , is cold in winter has low rainfall , was a                successful agricultural area ; crops are grown in higher ground and in river valleys ; it's olive  oil was well known .
 
e} Why did people start to move out of Garrigues?
  To find work

f} Is depopulation common in Jordan? Explain. Yes , many educated people who live in urban areas aren’t satisfied with their life , as a result of that they usually leave their countries to look for a better life and simple one . 
                                                                                    
More questions about the text أسئلة إضافية على النص                            :

1 . The writer mentioned the main reason why large numbers of people leave their homes .              What is it ?
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
2 . Why do many villagers and farmers refuse to buy homes in the country areas ?
 …………………………………………………………………………………………..
3 . Find a word from the first paragraph which means " having many people "
……………………………………………..
4 . The writer mentioned two kind of people who live in remote villages . Write them down .
 ………………………………………………………………………………………….
5 . Mention two kinds of crops that are grown on the higher ground of the area of Garrigues
  ………………………………………………………………………………
6 .According to the text,  the writer mentioned two traditional crops that are grown in the       river valleys . Write them down .

7 . There are many things people would miss most about city life if you move to the country
     and many things people would miss if they move to the city .
     ………………………………………………………………………………………….

 8 . Quote a sentence from the text which indicates that some crops are grown for sending to         other countries .
   …………………………………………………………………………………………….
 9 . The writer mentioned two bad results of rural depopulation  Write them down .  
  …………………………………………………………………………………………
 10 . Mention two difficulties that made population move to the cities to find work .
   ………………………………………………………………………………………
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top secret 2013  11 . According to the text , there are two effects of depopulation on the people of                       Garrigues . Write them down .
 ………………………………………………………………………………………..
 12 . There are some reasons that made the wealthy people move to the countryside                       Mention two of them .
 ………………………………………………………………………………………..
13 . Find a word from the first paragraph which means
           " something that happens or exists " ………………………………………
 14 . The writer thinks that in some parts of Europe , the movement from the country to the             city has been reserved . Is he justified ? Explain .
 15 . There are some characteristics of the area of Garrigues . Write down two of them .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..  
16 . According to the text , the writer believes that Garrigues  was a successful                          agricultural area . Is he justified ? Explain .
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 17 . Quote a sentence which indicates that some villages consist of elderly people .
  ……………………………………………………………………………………….

Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 58 Vocabulary   


أوصل الكلمات الموجودة على اليسار بالأشياء التي تحدث أصوات .
Match the words on the left with things that make those sounds.

Note: All these words can be used as nouns or verbs.
a …………b ………….c………d ………e ……..…f ………..g………..h……….

A} bang    = قرقعة 
1) traffic / plane engine
B} click    = طقطقة 
2) a person who is in pain or very frightened
C} drip      =  قطر
3) a light switch / a car seat belt being fastened
D} roar     = هدر
4) an old-fashioned clock
E} scream   = صرخة
5) a door closing very noisily / a hammer hitting something hard
F} splash      =  رش
6)  the wind in the trees / a bird
G} tick      =  تكتكة
7) a tap that hasn't been turned off
H} whistle  = صفير
8) something falling into water


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        





ج



Pentagone: Page 58 Idioms with andأكمل هذه الجمل بتعبير من القائمة .


Complete these sentences with idioms from this list.
يختار بشكل مناسب         المقربون والأصدقاء         من جميع الأشياء      من كل مكان       ضجيج وإثارة        
Pick and choose     nearest and dearest     odds and ends     Far and wide     hustle and bustle

a} People come from ………………………..…….. to see the castle of Karak.
b} I love spending time with ……………….………. , so we often have family get-togethers.
c} While I was on holiday I bought lots of …………………………. to give as presents.
d} There are lots of restaurants near here. You can ……………..…………. from about fifty.
e} Some people enjoy the ………………………………… of shopping in street markets.
Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 58   Word families 




اختار الاجابة الصحيحة لتكملة الجمل التالية  .
                                                                                                                                                                 3 .  Choose the answer from those given to complete each of the following sentences :  

A . The Gulf of Aqaba is an area of great …………...…….…. beauty .  ( nature )               
B . Careless drivers can seriously ………………. the safety of pedestrians . ( threatened )   
C . In my city there is a wide ……………..…… of entertainments to choose from . ( vary )
D . I'd like to live in a small ………………..village near the sea . ( peacefully )                
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TOP SECRET 2013 E . The storm damage is a lasting………………of the power of nature   ( remind )      
F . I'll never forgot the……….……. I felt on my first day at school .  ( excite )            




















Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 61 Writing
 





Write a report to your school magazine about recommendations to improve road safety .

To : the school magazine
Date :
From :
Subject : recommendations to improve road safety

          One of the most important issues in our society is the issue of safety on roads . Its effects can be seen clearly in our society . It is a unique , common and serious issue that has spread not only in our country but all over the world . In this report I will focus on some recommendations to improve road safety .

         Without doubt , pedestrians as well as motorists should abide the laws on roads . First motorists should drive with legal driver's license , and not fall asleep while driving . In addition , motorists should not other motorists dangerously , this may cause accidents to innocent motorists . Moreover , motorists should check their cars before leaving home .

       Pedestrians , must be careful when crossing the streets . It is safer for pedestrians to walk on pavements  . Also , I recommend that pedestrians should not stand behind a car when it is switched on .

على النمط الجديد





     






الاستاذ ابراهيم الدابوقي 0795954378                                                                                                                            Urban and rural life الحياة الريفية والحضرية
عواصم المدن                                                                          Capital Cities     
العاصمة                   الدولة                        أعظم مدينة                               سكان
The capital city of a country is very often its greatest city, with the largest population and
                                         البنايات الإدارية         عواصم المدن              مكاتب حكومية
the most important administrative buildings. Capital cities house government offices, as
               سفارات               دول أخرى                         مراكز مالية            تحتوي
well as embassies from other countries. They are also financial centers, containing
     بنوك دولية و وطنية                            مؤسسات مالية أخرى
national and international banks and other financial institutions.


                           لا تختلف                                         في هذا المجال             مقر
         Amman is no different from other capital cities in this respect – it is the seat of
            للحكومة والمركزُ الاقتصادية والثقافيُ للأردن                                          اكبر
government and the economic and cultural centre of Jordan. Amman has the biggest
                                                               وطن                ثلث                            
population of any city in Jordan and is home to about a third of the people – 2.3 million
             على الرغم                             البنايات      أنيقة           مستقبلية              حقا
people! Although many of the buildings are very smart and futuristic, the city actually has a
   تاريخ          يعود إلى                                        تأسست                                                               
 history going back over 8,000 years. It was only established as the capital in 1921, but has

  العديد من البنايات القديمة
many ancient buildings.


   برازيليا                    عاصمة البرازيل         مشابه                   مختلفة                      مثل
         Brasilia, the capital city of Brazil, is both similar to and different from Amman. Like
                           مركز إداري                       يحتوي     البنايات السياسية الأساسية                           
 Amman, it is an administrative centre and contains the key political buildings and
   المؤسسات            لا تشبهه                                رئيسي     ثقافي         اقتصادي     مركز    
institutions. However, unlike Amman, Brasilia is not the major cultural or economic centre
                                                                                              كسر صغير             كبير                                     
of Brazil, and with 2.5 million people, it is home to only a tiny fraction of the huge
     عدد سكان البرازيل
Brazilian population.


       بنيت     أواخر الخمسينات     مدينة حديثة                                                                                         
        Built in the late 1950s, it is a new city and has only been the capital of Brazil since 1960.
      حلت محل                                        بقيت              اقتصادي            ثقافي   مركز
It took over from Rio de Janeiro, which remains a major economic and cultural centre, as

                                                                                                         مدينة حديثة جدا
 well as having a population of many millions more. Brasilia is a very modern city and
                               المخططون  استطاعوا أن     تنظيمها على شكل صارم          مقسمة               
 because it is so new, planners were able to strictly regulate its layout. It is divided into
    أقسام          مناطق محددة        العمل  الصناعة     و حكومية            سكنية   مناطق
 sectors, with specific zones for business, industry, government and residential areas .


Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 41 WB
 


اجب عن الأسئلة عند قراءتك  للمقالة: 
1. As you read the article "Capital Cities", answer these questions for each city.

a} What is the population of these cities?
Amman …………………………….                 Brasilia  ………………………
b} When did they become capital cities? Amman became capital in …………Brazilia …..
c} What are the differences between Amman and Brasilia?
Unlike Amman , Brasilia  is not the main economic or cultural centre of Brazil .
Amman is home to about a third of the population of Jordan , while the population of Brasilia represents only a tiny fraction of the population of Brazil . Amman has a very long history and many ancient buildings , but Brasillia is a completely new city , built in the 1950s

More questions about the text أسئلة إضافية على النص                           :

1.The capital city of a country depends on many factors . Mention three .
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
2 . Quote a sentence from the text which indicates the number of people who live in Amman
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
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3 . Write down the sentence which indicates that Amman was an ancient city .
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
4 . Quote a sentence which shows the date when Amman was established .
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
5 . Mention two similarities of Amman and Brasilia .
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
6 . What are the differences between Amman and Brasilia ?
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
7 . Quote a sentence from the text which indicates that Brasilia wasn’t old like Amman .
    ………………………………………………………………………………………….
8 . Quote a sentence which indicates that Rio Janerio still has qualities of a capital  .
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
9 . What does the underlined pronoun " it " refer to ?
10 . Find a word in the text which means " a particular part of an area "
11 . Brasilia is divided into sectors , with specific zones . Mention three of them .



Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 48      WB    


                                                       أوصل بين هذه الكلمات والعبارات من المقالة مع معانيها.
2 . Now match these words and phrases from the article with their meanings.

a} embassy =
1) an organization with an important role in the country
b} regulate = 
2) a particular part of an area
c} sector    =
3) a small amount of something
d} specific  = 
4) clearly defined
e} fraction  = 
5) supervise or control
f} institution   
6) the offices of the representative of a foreign country =

a  ………….. b …………. c …………. d …………… e ……… f ……..




Organigramme : Terminateur: WB Page 48

اقرأ الجزء الأول للمقلة ثم أكمل الجمل بإحدى الكلمات من القائمة.
3 . Read the first part of the article again and complete these sentences with one of the        words from list.
Pentagone: capital     residential     government     financial    industrial     administrative
عاصمة        سكنية          حكومة           مالي صناعية                         إدارية            

 




a} The …… ……………………. area is where people live.
b} …………….. cities contain key ……………….. buildings such as the parliament.
c} Government buildings are often known as ……………………… buildings.
d} In Brasilia, if you wanted to build a factory, you would do it in the ……………… sector.
e} Banking and other …………….. institutions are usually based in the capital city.
أكمل العبارات التالية بإحدى كلمات الإزعاج التالية:
Organigramme : Terminateur: bang قرقعة       click طقطقة        dripقطر         roar هدر     scream صرخة   splashرش          tick  تكتك            whistle       صفير Complete these sentences with the correct form of the noise words from this list. There are more words than you need.






a} The …………….. of a plane woke me up in the night.
b} Can you hear that …………….. noise? Someone must have left a tap on in the bathroom.
c} Everyone heard the ………………… when he jumped into the swimming pool.
d} A friend of mine is terrified of spiders and ………….. if she sees one close to her.
e} Digital clocks don't …………………… like old fashioned clocks used to.


اعد كتابة الجمل ثم استبدل العبارات من الكلمات في الصندوق :
Rewrite these sentences, replacing the underlined phrases with one of those from the box:
Pentagone: far and wide     hustle and bustle     nearest and dearest     
odds and ends     pick and choose     rough and ready
 




a} Graduates with first class degrees can often select exactly the jobs they wants.
…………………………………..    

b} The country is too quiet for me, I would miss the noise and excitement of the city.
……………………………..

c} I tidied my office the other day and found all kinds of different things on my desk.
…………………………..

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d} People came from all over the place to see the exhibition.
……………………………..

e} We're having a big celebration next week, so we're inviting all our family and close friends.
……………………………………………….

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