الجمعة، 8 مايو، 2015

Healthy Life



حياة صحية             Unit = Healthy Life
مفردات الوحدةة
Vocabulary of unit                                ( seven – eight – nine  )

No

       Words

Meaning in English
المـعـنـى
1-
advise
To tell someone what he / she should do
ينصح
2-
age
The length of time someone has lived .
عمر
3-
colleague
A person that you work with in a job .
زميل عمل
4-
exercise
Activity you do to keep healthy .
تمرين
5-
interact
To communicate in away that has influence
يختلط  بالآخرين  
6-
lifestyle
The way that you live
أسلوب المعيشة 
7-
outlook
Your attitude or feeling about life
وجهة نظر 
8-
secret
Something is not known by other people .
سري 
9-
socialise
To meet people and enjoy yourself with others
يختلط اجتماعيا
10-
successful
To achieve what you want
ناجح
12-
deserted
Empty because people have left  
مهجور 
13
inhabitant
Someone who lives in a place
ساكن
14-
overcrowding
Having too many people
اكتظاظ
15-
phenomenon
Something that happens or exists
ظاهرة
16-
profitable
Making money
استثمار
17-
public services
Transport , education and health
خدمات عامة
18-
rural
Adjective to describe the country
ريفي
19-
permanent
Lasting for along time
دائم
20-
stress
A state of worry and tension
توتر
21-
trend
A general movement or direction
نزعة , اتجاه
22-
urban
Adj of a town or city
حضري
23-
biography
The story of a person's life
السيرة الذاتية
24-
blow
To send air out of the mouth
ينفخ في آلة موسيقية
25-
career
A job or profession
مهنة 


26-
cookery
The skill or method of cooking
فن الطبخ
27-
hardworking
Someone who works hard
مجتهد
28-
pluck
To pull the strings of a musical
ينقر أوتار
29-
repair
To mend something that is damaged
يصلح
30-
strum
To play a guitar by moving your hand up
يداعب اوتار

Organigramme : Terminateur: SB Page 51 Vocabulary   


امتلئ الفراغات لهذه الجمل بكلمات من القائمة. 
5 . Fill the gaps in these sentences with the words in this list.
Organigramme : Bande perforée: fathers الآباء     parents   الوالدين   children   الأطفال   daughters البنات   husband الزوج   sister   الأخت uncle العم    family  العائلة  





In Jordan you will rarely find "old people's homes". When my {a} ……………..   get old, my {b} ………….    and I will help look after them. Traditional values teach sons and {c}… ……………….  to honour their {d} ……………..  and mothers and show love and care to them as they grow old. Family is very important to everyone, and I am very close to my mother's sister and her {e ……………….  – my aunt and {f} …………… . Caring for our {g} …………….  like this helps us all to live longer, happier lives and we know our {h}…………………..   will one day look after us.
اختار الكلمة الصحيحة لتكملة الجمل .
6 . Choose the correct word to complete these sentences.

a} In Mexico she met the {Earth's / world's} oldest married couple.
على النمط الجديد 
b} Alberto and Maria's son said his parents had {a simple / an easy} way of life.
c} Sunil says his customers are all his { near / close} friends.
d} Sunil said he'd enjoyed every {one / single} day of his life.











Organigramme : Terminateur: SB Page 52 Vocabulary
Organigramme : Terminateur: Collocations: make or do
 




(  make and do ) لهما نفس المعنى ولكن لا نستعملهم لنفس الأسماء

Make and do have similar meanings, but you cannot use them with the same nouns. For example, we say do a job but make an arrangement.

أكمل الجمل باستخدام الشكل الصحيح. ( الكلمات الموجودة باللون الأسود مفاتيح حل )
1 . Complete these sentences with the correct form of make or do.

a} The journalist said she was ……………….. research for an article. ( making  ,  doing  )
b} Scientists frequently ………………….. experiments to test their ideas.  (  do  ,  make  )
c} You will have to ………… a special effort if you want to pass your exam. ( do  , make  )
d} Can I ……… a suggestion? Why don't we ……… the shopping together? ( do , make )
e} If you ………… a mistake, you have to ……… your homework again. ( do , make )
f} I've ……………………. my decision very carefully.    ( made  ,  done  )
g} I've ……… myself a promise. I'm going to … a success of my new job. ( made  ,  do  )
h} Last night's storm ………………a lot of damage to buildings in our area. (  made , did )
Organigramme : Terminateur: Phrasal verbs with make and do 



ادرس هذه الجمل ثم اجب عن الاسئلة :

   2 . Study the following sentences and answer the questions :

1 . Ibrahim usually arrives at work on time, so his boss didn't know what to (1) make of it when he was an hour late on morning.
What does the phrasal verb make of mean ?                 understand  ( يستوعب    )
2 .  At first, he thought he might (2) make up an excuse, but decided he must be honest.
What does the phrasal verb make up  mean ?               invent     (  يخترع   )
3 .  Ibrahim promised he would (3) make up for the time he had lost by being late. What does the phrasal verb make up  mean ?        replace something lost or missing   (  يعوض  )






أوصل الأفعال المركبة لهذه الجمل بالمعنى الصحيح .   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
3 . Match the phrasal verbs with do in these sentences with the correct meanings 1-4             below. You could check your answers in dictionary.

a} I've hurt my back which means I have to get someone to do up my shoes up for me. =
b} The doctor told my grandmother she'd have to learn to do up without sugar. =
c} We'll have to do up the room up before anyone sleeps there.  = 
d} Not everyone in our family has a mobile so we can't do up away with our landline. =

Meanings:المعاني      

1) to tidy, redecorate = يرتب
2) get rid of = يتخلص من
3) fasten / tie = يربط
4) not have something and manage in spite of this = يستغني عن
Organigramme : Terminateur: Writing SB  Page 55 



An article المقالة
You are going to write an article giving advice to people of your own age.

a} Choose one of these subjects
     * Being a good brother or sister
     * Doing well at school
USEFUL LANGUAGE
Giving advice تقديم نصائح

For me the golden rule is this: …                                 Another useful tips is this: …
If you do this, …                                                           The best way to … is to …
Remember some of these tips: …                                 Don't forget, …
In the end, you'll be more successful if …                    In my experience, …












Organigramme : Terminateur: WB Page 42  Reading
 



1) not having any or enough of something
a} alert          يقظ  او متنبه
2) easily feeling gloomy for no good reason
b} concentrate          يركز
3) easily annoyed         
c} {be} deprived of something  
4) renew
d} irritable     سريع الغضب
5) clear-headed / awake
e} moody     مزاجي  
6) not deep
f} recharge    يشحن 
7) give all your attention to a subject
g} shallow       سطحي
أوصل الكلمات والعبارات مع معانيها .
1 . Match these words and phrases with their meanings.




a =       b =       c=       d =        e =          f =              g = 
Organigramme : Terminateur: WB   Page 42   Reading  نـص القراءة



Questions to ask yourself

            كمية   النوم                       كل ليلة                   عادة   
1) How much sleep do you need each night? Do you usually get this amount? Can you catch
     تعوض                    فقدت                               أوقات أخرى                               صعب          
up on sleep you have missed at night by sleeping at other times, or do you find it difficult to
           خلال النهار        بقية               المقالة                               معلومات مفيدة          نصائح                           
sleep during the day? The rest of this article will give you some useful information and advice.
                          
Different individuals have different needs

                                  كمية النوم التي يحتاجها الإنسان تتفاوت من فرد إلى أخر                           
2) The amount of sleep human beings need varies from individual to individual. We know
      معظم البالغين                                      يوميا                      يتغير كثيرا                قصير    
that most adults need about 8 hours of sleep a day, but this number can vary greatly; "short
النائمون لوقت                             بينما         النائمون لوقت طويل                      الأطفال الرضع
sleepers" may need only 5 hours, whereas "long sleepers" may need 9 to 10 hours. Babies
تحتاج                                                  البالغين                 معدل                                       
need about 16 hours a day while many teenagers need an average of 9 hours. As people get

 يكبر في السن     يميلون      نوم قليل         كبار السن   يستيقظون    باكرا    
older they tend to need less sleep; some elderly people wake up early in the morning and



                             أكثر من                                                              يعتمد على
cannot sleep for more than five or six hours. Exactly how much we need depends on
     عدة عوامل      بما فيها عمرك               روتينا اليومي     طبيعة               تركيبنا الوراثي                                         
several factors, including our age, our daily routine, the quality of our sleep and our genetic

 make-up.

  The effects of lack of sleep

                                          نوم كاف                        عموما                     نعسان    أثناء 
3) How do we know if we are getting enough sleep? In general, if you feel drowsy during
                               نوم أكثر                                                                 فترة طويلة كافية                                                                              
the day, you need more sleep. You may think that you are sleeping for long enough, but
                                   علامات                                                                   تركز             
these are some of the signs that you may need more: you cannot concentrate at school or at
                                                                                      سيئ المزاج    سريع الغضب    
work you find it difficult to get up in the morning you are moody or irritable you have
   مشاكل في الذاكرة
memory problems

The value of sleep

                               مهم                          نوم كاف                  يزود       أجسامنا       
4)     So why is it important that we get enough sleep? Sleep provides our bodies with a
فرصة                              يسمح                إعادة شحن             بطارية أجسامنا وعقولنا       
chance to switch off. This allows us to recharge our mental and physical batteries and be
  جاهزة                                   نمنا بشكل جيد                  نستيقظ                            
ready for each new day. If we have slept well, we should wake up in the morning feeling
متنبهين                                                يحرم                                        يؤدوا
alert and rested. People who have been deprived of sleep find it difficult to perform the
  النشاطات البسيطة     على سبيل المثال  السائقين       ينامون     أثناء القيادة    مسئولين عن            
 simplest activities. For example, motorists who fall asleep at the wheel are responsible for
                       حوادث المرور
 thousands of traffic accidents every year.
                                         
 Different kinds of sleep  
                                    يؤثر بنا              نخلد للنوم                              عميق        مريح
5) How we sleep also affects us. When we fall asleep, our sleep can be deep and restful or
خفيف و  سطحي                                                    التعب
light and shallow. Shallow sleepers wake up still feeling tired, while deep sleepers wake up
منتعشين
Refreshed .





Questions about the reading text : أسئلة على نص القراءة                        

1. Write down the sentence which indicates that not all the people have the same                           amount of sleep .
………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. Quote a sentence which indicates the hours of sleep adults need a day .
 …………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Quote a sentence which shows the amount of sleep babies and teenagers need a day .
 ………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. The writer says that how much sleep depends on some aspects . Mention two of them .
  ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5. According to the text , there are some marks that show you need more sleep . Write two        of them  ?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. According to the text, the writer states the importance of having enough sleep . Is he            justified in this ? Explain .
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. The writer states some consequences if our bodies had the chance to switch off . Write          two of them  ?
  ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8. Give example that shows the bad effects on people who are deprived of sleep .
 ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
9 . Write down the sentence which indicates that shallow sleepers and deep sleepers wake        up differently .
  ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
10 . Find a word in the third paragraph which means " renew "
11 . What does the underlined word " they " in the second paragraph refer to ?

Carré corné: WB   Page 43 



اقرأ المقالة مرة أخرى ثم أكمل الجمل بكلمة من الصندوق . 
3. Read the article again and complete these sentences with a word or phrase.

concentrate    ,   batteries  ,  babies   ,  elderly

a} Adults and teenagers need a lot less than … …………….…… .
b} It is …… ……… people who seem to need the least sleep.
c} People who do not get enough sleep may find it difficult to ……………at school or work.
d} Sleep lets people recharge their … ………………… .



Organigramme : Terminateur: Page 43 Vocabulary   


اختار الشكل الصحيح للأفعال الشائعة لتكملة المحادثات. 
Choose the correct form of the verb make or do to complete these conversations.

a} A: Could I ………………..…… a suggestion?
     B: Of course.  ( do  ,  make  )
     A: You should think carefully before you …………..…… your decision. ( do  ,  make  )
     B: You're right. If I ……………… a mistake now, I could ………..…… a lot
          of damage to a lot of people.  (  did   ,   made  )     (  do  ,  make  )
  
b} A: Are you at university?
     B: Yes, I …………..…… research into sleep deprivation.  (  am doing  ,  am making  )
     A: What does that involve?
     B: I have to …..…experiments on people who have had little or no sleep. ( do  , make )

c} A: Where do you ……….…… your shopping?  (   do   , make  )
     B: The little shop round the corner. They sell most of the things I need .

ادرس هذه الجمل ثم اجب عن الاسئلة :

   2 . Study the following sentences and answer the questions :

a} You shouldn't try to do away with / do without sleep. You need at least eight hours a night.
What does the phrasal verb do away with mean ?      get rid of    يستغني عن )   )
b} He said every thing was okay, but that was just a story he made out / made up to stop me       from worrying.
What does the phrasal verb made up  mean ?      invented    اخترع  )   )
c} You'd better do out / do up your boots tightly to stop the sand getting in.
What does the phrasal verb do up mean ?      tie or fasten     يربط )   )


Cube: WB   Page 45
 

ليست هناك تعليقات:

إرسال تعليق